看python社区大妈组织的内容里边有一篇讲python内存优化的,用到了__slots__。然后查了一下,总结一下。感觉非常有用

python类在进行实例化的时候,会有一个__dict__属性,里边有可用的实例属性名和值。声明__slots__后,实例就只会含有__slots__里有的属性名。


# coding: utf-8

class A(object):
x = 1

def __init__(self):
self.y = 2

a = A()
print a.__dict__
print(a.x, a.y)
a.x = 10
a.y = 10
print(a.x, a.y)

class B(object):
__slots__ = ('x', 'y')
x = 1
z = 2

def __init__(self):
self.y = 3
# self.m = 5 # 这个是不成功的

b = B()
# print(b.__dict__)
print(b.x, b.z, b.y)
# b.x = 10
# b.z = 10
b.y = 10
print(b.y)

class C(object):
__slots__ = ('x', 'z')
x = 1

def __setattr__(self, name, val):
if name in C.__slots__:
object.__setattr__(self, name, val)

def __getattr__(self, name):
return "Value of %s" % name

c = C()
print(c.__dict__)
print(c.x)
print(c.y)
# c.x = 10
c.z = 10
c.y = 10
print(c.z, c.y)
c.z = 100
print(c.z)

{'y': 2}
(1, 2)
(10, 10)
(1, 2, 3)
10
Value of __dict__
1
Value of y
(10, 'Value of y')
100

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